Excessive Ultrafiltration During Hemodialysis Plays a Role in Intradialytic Hypertension Through Decreased Serum Nitric Oxide (NO) Level
Yenny Kandarini*, Ketut Suwitra, Raka Widiana
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2018
First Page: 60
Last Page: 71
Publisher ID: TOUNJ-11-60
Article History:Received Date: 30/5/2018
Revision Received Date: 13/8/2018
Acceptance Date: 17/8/2018
Electronic publication date: 31/08/2018
Collection year: 2018
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Intradialytic hypertension is one of many complications during Hemodialysis (HD). The mechanism of intradialytic hypertension is currently unclear.
This research aims to understand the association between excessive Ultrafiltration (UF) and intradialytic hypertension episode and its relationship with changes in endothelin-1 level (ET-1), Asymmetric Dimethylarginine (ADMA) level and Nitric Oxide (NO) level during HD.
This study utilized a case-control design. A sample of one hundred and eleven patients who were already undergoing maintenance HD for more than three months was included. Serum levels of NO, ET-1, and ADMA were examined before and after HD; samples were followed by as much as six times consecutive HD session, in which ultrafiltration and blood pressure during HD were noted.
From 112 samples obtained, 32.1% (36/112) had intradialytic hypertension. Using regression analysis, we found a significant association between changes in NO levels and intradialytic hypertension. We found a significant association between excessive UF and intradialytic hypertension (p=0.001), adjusted OR=5.17. Path analysis showed the existence of a significant relationship between UF volume during HD and intradialytic hypertension (CR 5.74; p<0.01), as well as a significant relationship between UF volume during HD and NO levels (CR -3.70: p<0.01). There was a direct relationship between NO serum levels with intradialytic hypertension (CR -7.08: p<0.01).
Excessive UF during HD plays a role in intradialytic hypertension episode through decreased NO serum levels. There was no clear role of ADMA and ET-1 serum levels on intradialytic hypertension episode.