Correlation Between Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver and Chronic Kidney Disease
Hasyim Kasim1, *, St. Rabiul Zatalia1, Haerani Rasyid1, Syakib Bakri1, Muhammad L. Parewangi2, Fardah Akil2, Arifin Seweng3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2020
First Page: 1
Last Page: 4
Publisher Id: TOUNJ-13-1
Article History:Received Date: 25/09/2019
Revision Received Date: 19/12/2019
Acceptance Date: 22/12/2019
Electronic publication date: 12/02/2020
Collection year: 2020
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
NAFLD is an independent risk factor of CKD. CKD prevalences in NAFLD subjects are two times higher than non-NAFLD. The aim of this study is to know the correlation between NAFLD and CKD.
Cross-sectional study was conducted on patients who held Abdominal USG in Wahidin Sudirohusodo & UNHAS hospital from January to December 2017. NAFLD subjects are male and female (18-60 years) who met NAFLD criteria and wanted to participate, non-NAFLD as control subjects. NAFLD is fat accumulation in hepatocyte without a history of alcohol consumption or other etiology of chronic liver disease. CKD definition and classification were based on KDIGO 2012. P value <0.05 was considered to be significant.
From the study period, we found 134 subjects (67 NAFLD subjects and 67 non-NAFLD subjects). Correlation analysis between NAFLD and eGFR showed that NAFLD subjects had more proportion of eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73m2 than non-NAFLD subjects (40.3% vs 16.4%, p=0.002). NAFLD subjects significantly had more proportion of CKD Grade 3 than non-NAFLD subjects (37.3% vs 9%) while non-NAFLD subjects had more proportion of CKD Grade 1 and 2 than NAFLD subjects (56.7% vs 38.8% dan 26.9% vs 20.9%)(p=0.001). Correlation analysis between NAFLD and proteinuria did not show significant results (p=0.051).
NAFLD subjects correlated with CKD events compared with non-NAFLD subjects.