Polypoid Change of the Glomerular Basement Membrane in a Child with Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome and ARHGAP24 Mutation: A Case Report

Anna Francis*, 1, 2, John Burke1, 2, Leo Francis3, Steven McTaggart1, 2, Andrew Mallett2, 4
1 Department of Paediatric Nephrology, Lady Cilento Children’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
2 University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
3 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
4 Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia

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Creative Commons License
© Francis et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department Paediatric Nephrology, Lady Cliento Children’s Hospital, P.O. Box 3474, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia; Fax: +61730684079; Email:



Steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is increasingly recognised to have a genetic basis following the identification of a number of mutations within genes encoding podocyte and basement membrane proteins. The ARHGAP24 gene product is a recently recognised important player in podocyte interaction with the glomerular basement membrane. The ARHGAP24 gene encodes a protein involved in regulating cell motility, membrane structure and polarity. Mutations in the gene have been shown in vitro to cause cell membrane ruffling.

Case Presentation:

We report a novel missense mutation in exon 4 (c.[284G>A]; p.[Arg95Gln]) of the ARHGAP24 gene in a child that presented with SRNS at four years of age. Renal biopsy demonstrated unusual polypoid changes of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM).


We propose this novel ARHGAP24 mutation as causative for SRNS associated with unusual polypoid basement membrane changes. These biopsy findings, in association with ARHGAP24 mutation and clinical nephrotic syndrome are a novel finding. This finding may advance the understanding of ARHGAP24 gene product function.

Keywords: ARHGAP24, Glomerular asement membrane, Mutation, Nephrotic syndrome, Renal biopsy.